Abstract Impressionism

Abstract Impressionism

Abstract Impressionism is Art of abstract painting where the artist expresses themselves through the use of colors, with no need of objective representations. In Abstract Impressionism small brushstrokes builds large area of painting. They exhibit control of large abstract areas, expressing the artist's mental focus on inner emotions and wisdom.

All Impressionist paintings (even abstract) express lyrical and thoughtful qualities. Paintings are similar to paintings of Impressionists such as Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Armand Guillaumin, Edgar Degas, Édouard Manet and Vincent van Gogh. But of course, more abstract.

In Abstract Impressionism it is not rate that artist finishes his paintings and after that he begins to find suitable name. In difference of traditional impressionism artist knows from beginning what he is painting. Abstract Impressionist can act in certain emotional state and put pain as he feels it to be the best, without any intention of final outcome. Of course real object are painted also and can be recognized. But shape, texture or color of painted object is not important in abstract impressionism. Any detail of panted object can be ignored.

While in the Abstract Expressionism are brushstrokes large and bold and paint was applied in a rapid outpouring of emotion and energy, the Abstract Impressionist's short and intense brushstrokes or non-traditional application of paints and textures is done slowly and with or without purpose.

From famous Abstract Impressionist we must name Milton Resnick, Sam Francis, Richard Pousette-Dart, and Philip Guston. They were first Abstract Impressionist painters during the 1950s.

Abstract Impressionism originated in New York City in the 1940’s. Term "Abstract Impressionism" was for the first time used by Elaine de Kooning. Soon it was used by critic Louis Finkelstein in an attempt to distinguish art of Philip Guston the difference between his two forms. The primary difference is in abstract approach. In Abstract Impressionism it is the impression of finished piece that is important.

Paul Jackson Pollock was an important figure in the Abstract Expressionist movement, and it was he who helped introduce Abstract Impressionism to the world. Thank you Paul! Abstract Impressionism was then introduced to Paris in the 1950s by Canadian artist Jean-Paul Riopelle.

The most important predecessor of abstract impressionism is of course impressionism and whatever abstract. We can choose surrealism, which also emphasizes spontaneous and subconscious creation.

Abstract impressionists can be divided into three groups. The first group is Impressionists without need to pain anything concrete. Like if you imagine Abstract Monet. (Different colors of object, different positions and shapes, but same style.) The second group “Color Field Painters” practiced by Rothko and Noland. Famous artists of this movement include Gorky, Kline, de Kooning, Motherwell, Pollock, Riopelle and Rothko. Their works possess very different moods and subjects, but share qualities such as sizable canvasses, flat compositions. The third group is very similar to Abstract Expressionism “Action Painters” like Pollock and De Kooning.