Abstract Impressionism is the art of abstract painting, in which the artists express themselves through the use of colours with no need of objective representations. In Abstract Impressionism, soft brush strokes build large areas, which exhibit control of the entire painting expressing the artist's mental focus on inner emotions and wisdom.
All Impressionist paintings (even abstract) express lyrical and thoughtful qualities, peace of mind and inner calmness. These paintings are similar to the paintings of Impressionists such as Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Armand Guillaumin, Edgar Degas, Édouard Manet and Vincent van Gogh. But of course: abstract.
In abstract Impressionism, it is not rate that an artist finishes his paintings and only after that, he begins to find a suitable name or just numbers it. Traditional impressionists on the other hand, know from the beginning what they are going to paint. An abstract Impressionist can act in a certain emotional state and apply paint as he feels it to be the best without any intention on final outcome. Of course, real objects are painted too and can be recognized. However, the shape, texture or colour of the painted object is not
important. Any detail of the painted object can be ignored.
In Abstract Expressionism, however, the brush strokes are large and bold, and the paint is applied in a rapid outpour of emotion and energy. Brush strokes can even be violent. And as in Abstract Impressionism, it can also be done with or without purpose. In both styles, they must be executed without fear of ruining the final outcome.
Abstract Impressionism originated in New York City in the 1940s. The term "Abstract Impressionism" was used for the first time by Elaine de Kooning. Soon, it was used by the critic Louis Finkelstein in an attempt to distinguish the art of Philip Guston. Specifically, the difference between his two forms. The primary difference is in the approach. In Abstract Impressionism, it is the feeling of the finished piece that is important.
It was Paul Jackson Pollock, an important figure in the Abstract Expressionist movement, who helped introduce Abstract Impressionism to the world. Then it was introduced to Paris in the 1950s by the Canadian artist Jean-Paul Riopelle. We must name the Abstract Impressionist artist Lukas Halza, who currently lives and paints in Prague, Czech Republic.
The most important predecessors of Abstract Impressionism were, of course, Impressionism and any other abstract movement. Abstract Impressionists can be divided into three groups. The first group consists of Impressionists without the need to paint anything concrete, like if you imagine abstract Monet. Various colours and different positions and shapes, but a very similar style. The second group consists of "Colour Field Painters" such as Mark Rothko, whose works possess intensive colours, simple shapes and various qualities such as sizable canvasses and flat compositions. The third group consists of "Action Painters" and is very similar to Abstract Expressionism such as Pollock and De Kooning, but less rapid and aggressive moves and a much softer style with delicate connection of surfaces of different colours.